Decoding the Specific Gravity of PVC Interlocking Tiles: What You Need to Know

When selecting flooring solutions, the physical properties of the materials are crucial. One such property for PVC interlocking tiles is specific gravity. This article delves into the concept of specific gravity and its implications for using PVC tiles in various environments.

Understanding Specific Gravity

Specific gravity, often symbolised as SG, is a dimensionless unit that describes a material’s density compared to water’s density at a specified temperature. For PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) interlocking tiles, the specific gravity determines how dense the material is relative to water. Typically, PVC has a specific gravity of 1.3 to 1.45, denser than water.

The Importance of Specific Gravity in PVC Interlocking Tiles

Durability and Strength: The specific gravity of PVC tiles gives an insight into their durability. Higher specific gravity usually translates to a denser material, implying greater strength and resistance to wear and tear.

Environmental Suitability: Understanding the specific gravity helps determine the suitability of PVC tiles in different environments. Tiles with a higher specific gravity might be better suited for high-traffic areas or industrial settings where durability is critical.

Installation Implications: The weight and ease of installation of PVC interlocking tiles are influenced by their specific gravity. Heavier tiles require more effort or specific techniques for installation.

Thermal and Sound Insulation: The specific gravity of PVC tiles can impact their insulation properties. Denser tiles (higher specific gravity) may offer better sound dampening and thermal insulation, which is beneficial in environments where noise reduction is essential.

Chemical Resistance: The density of the tiles, indicated by their specific gravity, also relates to their resistance to chemicals and other corrosive substances, a vital factor in industrial settings.

Measuring Specific Gravity of PVC Tiles

The specific gravity (SG) of PVC tiles is a vital factor that informs their density and, by extension, several physical properties. Accurately measuring the SG is essential in determining the suitability of PVC tiles for various applications. This measurement employs two primary methods: using a pycnometer and applying Archimedes’ principle.

1. Using a Pycnometer:

  • Definition: A pycnometer is a specialised laboratory flask designed to measure the density of liquids and solids, including materials like PVC.
  • Procedure:
    • Weigh the Tile Dry: The PVC tile is first weighed in air to get its dry weight.
    • Fill the Pycnometer with Water: The pycnometer is filled with a known volume of water.
    • Weigh with the Tile: The tile is then submerged in the pycnometer, and the weight of the pycnometer with the tile and water is recorded.
    • Calculation: The specific gravity is calculated using the weight difference, factoring in the known volume of the pycnometer.
  • Precision: This method is known for its high accuracy and precision.

2. Using Archimedes’ Principle:

  • Principle: Archimedes’ principle states that the upward buoyant force exerted on a body immersed in a fluid is equal to the weight of the fluid that the body displaces.
  • Procedure:
    • Initial Weighing: The tile is first weighed in air.
    • Submerging in Water: It is then fully submerged, and its weight is measured again.
    • Calculating Displaced Water: The weight of the water displaced is equivalent to the difference between the two measurements.
    • Determining Specific Gravity: The specific gravity is calculated by dividing the weight of the tile in the air by the weight of the displaced water.
  • Benefits: This method is more straightforward but still provides a reliable measure of specific gravity.

Why Accurate Measurement Matters:

  • Quality Control: Ensuring the specific gravity is within the desired range is crucial for quality assurance.
  • Product Consistency: Consistent specific gravity measurements mean uniformity in producing PVC tiles.
  • Performance Prediction: Understanding the density helps predict how the tiles will perform in different environments, especially in terms of durability and resistance to stress.
  • Customization for Specific Uses: Different environments may require tiles with specific densities for optimal performance.


The specific gravity of PVC interlocking Flooring tiles is a crucial factor influencing their physical properties, installation methods, and suitability for various environments. By understanding and considering specific gravity, professionals can make informed decisions about the right PVC tiling solutions for their needs. Whether for industrial, commercial, or residential applications, the specific gravity of PVC interlocking tiles plays a pivotal role in ensuring the right fit for purpose.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What types of PVC interlocking tiles does Camp Manufacturing offer?

Camp Manufacturing provides various PVC interlocking tiles suitable for various industrial, commercial, and residential applications. Our tiles come in different colours, patterns, and specific gravity options to cater to various needs and preferences.

2. How does Camp Manufacturing ensure the quality of its PVC tiles?

At Camp Manufacturing, quality assurance is paramount. We adhere to strict manufacturing standards and conduct rigorous testing, including specific gravity and tensile strength assessments, to ensure our PVC tiles meet high-quality benchmarks. Our commitment to quality is reflected in every product we produce.

3. Can Camp Manufacturing customise PVC tiles according to specific client requirements?

Yes, Camp Manufacturing specialises in providing customised solutions. We offer PVC tiles tailored to specific sizes, colours, and technical specifications as per client requirements. Our team works closely with clients to understand their needs and deliver products that precisely meet their specifications.

4. What makes Camp Manufacturing’s PVC tiles preferred for industrial and commercial flooring?

Camp Manufacturing’s PVC tiles stand out due to their durability, ease of installation, maintenance convenience, and compliance with safety standards. Our tiles are designed to withstand heavy traffic and industrial conditions, making them an ideal choice for various commercial and industrial settings.

5. How does Camp Manufacturing support clients post-purchase?

Our commitment to clients extends beyond the purchase. Camp Manufacturing provides comprehensive after-sales support, including installation guidance, maintenance tips, and customer service for any queries or concerns. We ensure our clients have all the necessary information and support to maximise the use and longevity of our products.