The Hardness Range of PVC Tiles: Tailoring to Different Industrial Needs

The Hardness Range of PVC Tiles: Tailoring to Different Industrial Needs

At Camp Manufacturing, we understand that each industrial environment has unique flooring requirements. One critical factor in selecting the right flooring solution is the hardness of the material. This article will explore the PVC tiles hardness range, discuss the testing methods used, such as ASTM D 695-16, and how different hardness levels suit various industrial applications.

Understanding Hardness in PVC Tiles

In-Depth Look at Hardness in PVC Tiles

Hardness in PVC tiles is a critical characteristic determining how well they resist indentation, wear, and tear. This property is not only about the durability of the tiles but also influences their comfort and safety aspects. The hardness of PVC tiles is measured using the Shore A scale, a standardised scale that categorises materials from soft to hard.

The Shore A Scale Explained

Range: The Shore A scale typically ranges from 0 to 100, with higher numbers indicating more rigid materials.

Measurement: It measures the resistance of a material to indentation. A durometer device presses a standardised indenter against the tile and measures the indentation depth.

Interpretation: A Shore A value of 70 for PVC tiles implies a softer material, while 95 suggests a rigid material.

Hardness Range and Testing Methods

Hardness Range of PVC Tiles: The typical PVC tiles hardness range is between 70 and 95 on the Shore A scale. This variance allows for customisation according to the specific needs of different environments.

Testing with ASTM D 695-16: This method is crucial for understanding the compressive properties of PVC tiles. It involves applying a compressive force to the material and measuring its resistance. This test clearly shows how PVC tiles will behave under different load conditions, which is essential for industrial applications.

Tailoring Hardness to Industrial Applications

Heavy Industrial Environments:

  • Light Industrial and Commercial Areas:
    • Medium Hardness Tiles (80-90 Shore A): For spaces like workshops, retail stores, or areas with moderate foot traffic, medium hardness tiles strike the right balance between durability and ease of walking.
  • Residential and Light Commercial Spaces:
    • Lower Hardness Tiles (70-80 Shore A): In environments where comfort is as important as durability, such as home gyms or showrooms, lower hardness tiles offer a softer surface that can help reduce fatigue.

Benefits of Different Hardness Levels

Customisation for Specific Needs: The varying PVC tiles hardness range levels ensure that PVC tiles can be specifically tailored to meet the demands of different environments. This customisation is critical in providing the most appropriate flooring solution for each unique setting.

  • Durability and Longevity: In industrial settings, more intricate tiles withstand more abuse, which reduces the risk of damage and extends the lifespan of the flooring.
  • Comfort and Safety: In less demanding environments, softer tiles provide a more comfortable surface, essential for spaces where people spend long periods standing or walking. This comfort factor also contributes to safety, as softer tiles can help reduce slip and fall incidents.


At Camp Manufacturing, we emphasise the importance of understanding and choosing the right hardness level in PVC tiles for various applications. By carefully considering the specific requirements of each environment and employing rigorous testing methods like ASTM D 695-16, we ensure our PVC tiles offer the optimal balance of durability, comfort, and safety, tailored to the unique needs of our clients.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. How does the specific gravity of PVC tiles affect their performance in industrial environments?

At Camp Manufacturing, we recognise that the specific gravity of PVC Floor tiles is a key indicator of their density and overall performance. A higher specific gravity often means increased durability and resistance to mechanical stress, making these tiles ideal for high-traffic industrial areas. Conversely, tiles with lower specific gravity might be better suited for lighter applications where flexibility and comfort are priorities.

2. What are the benefits of different hardness levels in PVC tiles for various applications?

The PVC tiles hardness, measured on the Shore A scale, is crucial in tailoring them to specific needs. More intricate tiles (90-95 Shore A) are more resistant to wear and indentation, making them suitable for heavy industrial use. Medium PVC tiles hardness (80-90 Shore A) balance light industrial and commercial settings, while softer ties (70-80 Shore A) provide comfort in residential spaces. Understanding and selecting the appropriate hardness is essential for optimal performance and longevity.

3. How does Camp Manufacturing ensure the fire safety of its PVC tiles?

Fire safety is a top priority at Camp Manufacturing. Our PVC tiles are tested for fire resistance and comply with relevant standards, such as the limiting oxygen index (LOI) test. This ensures that the tiles have the necessary properties to resist ignition and slow the spread of flames, making them a safe choice for various environments.

4. Can PVC tiles from Camp Manufacturing be customised for specific chemical resistance needs?

We can customise PVC tiles to enhance their resistance to specific chemicals. This involves altering the composition and treatments of the tiles to ensure they can withstand exposure to various substances, which is particularly important in industrial settings where chemical spills are a risk.

5. What testing methods are used by Camp Manufacturing to assess the tensile strength of PVC tiles, and why is it important?

To assess the tensile strength of our PVC tiles, we employ standardised testing methods, such as ASTM D638. Tensile strength is crucial as it indicates how well the tiles can withstand stretching or pulling forces, everyday stress in many environments. This testing ensures that our PVC tiles are durable and can maintain their integrity under various conditions.